Artificial Grass: a Complete Detail

Published by Rachit on

Artificial Grass has become very popular in recent years and is used widely instead of natural Grass.  It is used in areas where natural Grass growth not possible or maintenance of natural Grass is difficult. Firstly and mostly artificial Grass is used in the sports ground, but now it’s used in residential and other small landscaping work increased.

Artificial grass

What material used in the making of Artificial Grass?

Artificial Grass is mainly manufactured using polypropylene, polyethylene, and nylon. The Grass blades are made using nylon and polyethylene. Polyethylene which is popularly used to make bottles. The thatch layer is generally made of polypropylene and this thatch layer gives added support and cushioning to the artificial Grass. High-quality artificial Grass uses a polyester tire cord for the backing layer.

The blades of grass are fixed onto the backing which ensures that the blades of Grass and thatch are securely fixed. Cushioning is made using the polyester form or rubber compounds. Sometimes rubber tires or recycled plastic or rubber are used in making of rubber base. In the present time, artificial grass is made with chemically-treated high-quality materials that make them water-resistant, softer, UV resistant, less abrasive, and very similar to real, natural grass making them right for various applications.

Types of Artificial Grass:

Based On material used:

Nylon Artificial Grass is the strongest type of artificial Grass that is available on the market.  This Grass can stand up to both heavyweight and high temperatures without losing its original shape. This is the most expensive type of artificial Grass but will look great for a very long time without much care.

Polyethylene Artificial Grass looks great with bright green color and plenty of texture also feels softer and more natural than nylon Artificial Grass. In this type of wide range of verities available. If you choose high-quality Grass then its easily compare with nylon Grass, but if you choose lower-quality Grass options for saving money then it is not able to stand wear and tear of Grass. Artificial Lawn that is made of polyethylene is the best option for all types of applications, including landscape edging, pool areas, outdoor play spaces, and entire Grass.

Polypropylene Artificial Grass is not only the less expensive option for Grass, but it’s also the least durable. Polypropylene is a great option if you want indoor artificial Grass or to use it as a decoration in your house where it will be safe from extreme temperature change.

Artifical Grass

Based on Pile Height:

Shorter than 25mm: This Type of Grass look like freshly cut grass. This Grass is the best to suit for surfacing your putting green. This is also used for yard dedicated to your pet animal because small pile ensures that the grass is easy on their paws.

Medium 25mm to 40mm: This is the most commonly used grass. This pile height creates a full, natural look without the pile becoming so heavy that it is unable to stand up on its own. This grass is the best to suit for a multi-use veranda that everyone can play comfortably without worrying about matting down the grass.

Larger than 40mm: This type of grass look very unnatural. The heavier the blade of artificial grass is, the more likely that it will become too heavy to stand straight upright and will lay down. This is the best suited for playground areas like the golf practice areas.

How to Install Artificial Grass?

  • First, remove any existing grass or plants in the area where you want to lay artificial grass.  If you have more grass and vegetable then you can try some pesticides to kill that.
  • If you want to install the grass on soil, then removed the top 10cm layer of soil.  The compact the ground by using a vibrating plate or roller. Then the next step is to spray gravel and sand mixture in around 7 cm depth which provides for proper drainage. If you plan to install grass in a large area then you have to also plan for a proper drainage system. Then level the mixture and provide sloping towards the install drainage point. The wet the base to allow for proper compaction which is done by ramping and rolling the base.
  • Then next step is to roll out the grass on the side, as it may take a couple of hours to recover its shape. Measure the area where the grass will be laid out, and the width and length of the grass strips. In most artificial grass, the grass blades bend in one direction. Make sure all the turf is placed with the blades in the same direction otherwise your grass will look less natural. Cut the grass where necessary with help of cutter or utility knife to cut the bottom of the grass. You should over cut the grass by 1 to 2 cm along the edge this will help with the finishing touches toward the end of your project.
  • If you used more than one piece of grass the used the seam tap and grass glue to joint it. Line up the two strips closes together. Then fold the edges back and lay artificial grass seaming material on the exposed base. Cover the seaming material with the accompanying adhesive product, then fold the strips back over the seaming material and let dry. A product made by the same company that sold your grass may provide the best results since it will be designed for use on your grass.
  • Then the next step is to fasten the grass perimeter. Use 10 to 15 cm stakes or anchor pins to fasten the grass around the edges, at 15 cm intervals.
  • Add infill or ballast appropriate to your product. A most artificial lawn requires added particles to keep the blades standing, weigh the grass down, and provide cushioning for athletic activities. While the grass is completely dry, apply a thin layer of one of these materials, by hand or using a drop spreader. Rake in each layer to smooth it out. Repeat this process until nearly half the blade length is covered. For best results, use the material and amount of material specified by your product’s manufacturers.
  • Water the grass. This will help the infill or ballast settle. Check the material the next day to see the final result. If the Grass isn’t bouncy enough or too much of each grass blade is exposed, rake in another layer of infill.
  • When installing artificial grass on concrete, brushed and cleaned down the surface. Apply some adhesive to one edge to start and fasten down. Use a stretcher and apply adhesive on concrete before rolling turf in place and fasten down.

Benefits of Artificial Grass:

  1. Reduce Maintenance: Natural lawn required daily watering, regular cutting of the grass, fertilizers, and pesticides. In the Artificial lawn only cleaning is necessary with the help of water.
  2. Save Water: Natural lawn would require daily watering. Instead, artificial grass only uses water when it is time to clean it. This is very helpful in dry areas.
  3. Save Money: Reduced water bill, Electricity bill, no need for fertilizers and pesticides, No need for Garden equipment, which means saving the money.
  4. Safe for Children: Natural lawn has dips and humps that cause injuries when children playing on it. But the surface of the artificial lawn is always smooth which provides cushioned landing. In artificial grass also no requirement of pesticides which also reduces the risk of exposure to it.
  5. Sunlight: Artificial grass won’t fade in sunlight and stays green all lifespan. On the other hand, natural grass turns brown in excessive sunlight. Natural Grass requires four to six hours of full sun each day. Without this turf can deteriorate, becoming less resilient and prone to disease.
  6. Pet friendly: Artificial Grass is ideal for pets and can be easily cleaned using a garden hose and mild detergent. Where natural Grass are affected by the ammonia, found in urine, with distinct browning patches and bald spots.
  7. Used Anywhere: Natural lawn only used on soil ground. Instead, an artificial lawn is used on any surface like concrete pavement, balcony, terrace, vertical wall. It can be laid almost anywhere as long as the surface is flat, permeable, and sufficient drainage is available.

Disadvantages of Artificial Grass:

  1. Cost: Initial cost of artificial grass is very high compare to natural grass.
  2. Surface Heat: it holds more heat than natural grass, so it can feel warm especially in summer. If some hot charcoal or other hot thing falls on it melt down the Grass.
  3. Odor: It does not have the natural, fresh-cut smell that real grass. some people might see as a negative point, along with enjoying cutting the Grass on a sunny Sunday afternoon.
  4. Environmental: It is a petroleum-based product that creates pollution and waste in the manufacturing process. And, while it is often made partially with recycled materials, it is not biodegradable.

Maintenance Tips:

racking or brushing:

Placing heavy objects on the lawn, such as furniture, or heavy pots, will also level the fibers of the lawn. Sometimes they begin to bend over the years. Fortunately, it’s pretty easy to get them back upright.

You can use a rake or brush with synthetic bristles that are at least 5 inches long. Make sure not to use wire or metal bricks as they can damage the fibers. Simply brush the grass fiber rakes against the fiber or inflate.

Raking or brushing your artificial grass re-divides the blades so they wear out more evenly and for longer. Keeping the fibers straight will make your garden look like natural grass.

Wash with Water:

The best and cheapest artificial grass cleaner is rain. If you live in an area where it rains regularly, you will do a great job of helping your garden stay beautiful. However, people who live in dry areas don’t just need a little boost to their artificial grass, other circumstances may require you to take it out of the hose as well.

One of the most common reasons you may need to water your dirty lawn is pet waste. The artificial grass is pet friendly. Artificial grass and dogs are a perfect match. But you want to be aware of waste management.

Usually, pet urine is simply absorbed and washed away. But if your pet always prefers to use the same area, turn it off and then stop the odor, discoloration, and bacteria growth. If you need a little extra help, try using a 50/50 mixture of white vinegar and water.

These days artificial grass is very resistant to stains, and a simple rinse will take care of most substances. If you have more serious substance problems, like sunscreen or grease, mineral spirits will usually stop them right away. However, you must be very careful when protecting your artificial grass from any kind of corrosive chemicals.

However, never use a pressure washer, as it can damage the fibers of your artificial grass; All you need is a garden hose or a spray bottle.

Remove debris:

Organic materials, left to decompose on surfaces, can wreak havoc on the surface of artificial turf or synthetic grass; as it would on a deck or driveway, insects and Will create a breeding ground for weeds.

This is why you will want to use a leaf blower to blow leaves and other items from your lawn. You want to be active and move nuts or fruit trees, as well as plants and shrubs that shed a lot. Feeders that attract birds or squirrels can have a lot of droppings, so keep them away from your artificial grass.

Do not use the vacuum function of your leaf blower, as it may strip some of the material from the base coat.

Artificial grass owners who experience severe winters don’t have to worry about snow damage. However, it is best to let snow and ice melt naturally whenever possible. Trying to manually remove the ice that forms around the artificial grass fibers will undoubtedly damage them.

Weed control:

Don’t worry, weeds on artificial grass are not as troublesome as on natural grass. It may be so low that the easiest way to deal with them would be to remove them from your hands, as you find them while raking or brushing your lawn. But the wind can blow the seeds into your garden causing rain to break out, so there is no way around them entirely.

If you choose to take them out to find them, you’ll want to make sure and do so before hitting the route. Another option is to be active and treat your artificial grass so that it is always on the side of the weeds.

You don’t have to resort to harsh chemicals. You shouldn’t because they can damage your fibers. Simply using a mild, non-toxic herbicide will work well.

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Price & Lifespan of Artificial Grass:

The manufacturers of the artificial grass give it a life of 5 to 10 years. Some amount of fading in the green color may occur after some year. This Cause due to exposure of Ultra Violet from direct sunlight and the elements.

Basic sweeping of dust and fallen leaves or flowers off the grass once a week with a soft broom is all the maintenance that the grass mats require.

Artificial grass costs between Rs 30-100 per square foot including installation charges. The cost depends on the quality and thickness of the grass mats. you can buy clicking here.

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Civil Engineer


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