Different Types of Tiles and its use with picture

Published by Rachit on

If you have never bought tiles before, you will be amazed at the different types of tiles on the market. Ceramic and porcelain tiles (vitrified) are the maximum use, however, there are also glass tiles, cement tiles, metal tiles, and stone tiles. All existing tiles are not appropriate for all types of work. Tiles in current conditions are the main part to get the interior of the house, as well as the exterior finish and good appearance.

types of tiles

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Tiles are generally prepared from clay material or any form of inorganic raw material. The tiles are also made from recycled material, which makes them eco-friendly. The shape of the tiles is achieved by different methods such as extrusion or pressing at room temperature or any other method. After the shaped trim, they are allowed to dry. These dried molds are exposed to fire. This heating step is to make sure that they achieve the required properties they intend to get when they are in the building.

Today digital technology is used to make the tiles. In digital technology, images that are generated from photos with a computer program are applied to the tile by using ink nozzles, like modern office printers. Because of such use of technology, the designs are more exciting and beautiful than ever.

Various Types of Tiles:

Normally, tiles are made of clay or a mixture of clay and other materials, after that kiln. These types of tiles can be divided into two types, porcelain / vitrified tiles, and non-porcelain / vitrified tiles. Non-porcelain / vitrified tiles are commonly referred to as ceramic tiles in their own right, distinct from porcelain / vitrified tiles. Here are the different types of tiles used in the market:

Ceramic (Non-Porcelain) Tiles:

Ceramic tiles are usually made of white / red clay trapped in a kiln. The tiles are then finished with a durable glaze that brings color and pattern. Ceramic tiles are used in both wall tiles and floor tiles. These types of tiles are easier and softer than porcelain / vitrified tiles. Ceramic tiles are generally suitable for very light to moderate traffic and generally have high water absorption rates that make them less frost resistant and have a greater risk of wear and peeling than porcelain tiles.

Glazed wall tiles are a type of ceramic tiles that have a high absorption of water along one side that is glazed. They are suitable for most interior walls. Glazed floor tiles are coated with a glossy finish, often having a color, texture, or design and are fired at a fairly high temperature.

Unglazed floor tiles consist of body paint within the tiles. Its color may be a natural color from clay or other minerals that are being mixed before firing the tiles. These are great for high traffic areas because they do not display easy wear.

Ceramic is one of the most cost-effective ways to tile your home, it is about 60% of the price of porcelain tile. If you plan to do any tiling yourself, they are easy to cut for DIY homeowners. So the main value of ceramic tile, in addition to its potential cost-savings, is that it can be made in an infinite variety of colors and sizes as it is made from scratch.

Ideal for high traffic areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, entryways, and mudrooms. Not recommended for outdoor use. Ceramic tile murals are also quite popular in the kitchen. These types of tiles can mimic the look of hardwood without the worry of scratches.

Porcelain /Vitrified Tiles:

Porcelain / vitrified tiles are usually prepared by means of a dust-suppressed method from clay. This makes the tiles dense, impenetrable, fine-grained and smooth, forming a sharp face. These types of tiles generally have a much lower water absorption rate (less than 0.5%) compared to ceramic tiles which make them water-resistant.

types of tiles - vitrified tile

Vitrified Tile

Porcelain tiles are often pressed and have fewer impurities than ceramic tiles. Clay is used in making this type of tiles, which is denser and less porous than ceramic clay, making porcelain tiles harder and more impervious to moisture than ceramic tiles. It is more durable and better suited for heavy use.

Different types of porcelain/Vitrified Tiles:

Nano polished vitrified tiles:

If you provide a layer of liquid silica on vitrified tiles then it seals the micro (Nano) pores on the surface of the tile and makes it smooth. These tiles are named Nano polished vitrified tiles.

Double Charge vitrified tiles:

Double Charge vitrified tiles are pass through a press that prints design with a double layer of pigment. These tiles are 3 to 4 mm thicker than compared to other tiles. This method does not allow difficult designs but results in a long-wearing tile surface, appropriate for heavy traffic and vast commercial projects.

Full body vitrified tiles:

Full body vitrified tiles have pigment in the whole body (thickness) of the tiles. This creates damages and scratches less visible and offers an ideal choice for high traffic zones, but the process significantly increases the cost.

Glazed Vitrified Tiles (GVT):

These types of tiles are glazed surfaced tiles. This type of tiles provides a huge diversity of designs, artwork, and surface textures like wood grain, bamboo, slate, or stone. Glazed vitrified tile is now printed through digital printing technology.

Polished Glazed Vitrified Tiles (PGVT) are similar to the GVT tiles but are available in the glossy form.

Some of the advantages of Porcelain tiles are durable, less porous compared to ceramic. These types of tiles used outdoors and exposed to cold temperatures. These tiles match natural stone, brick, or wood.

Porcelain tiles are Ideal for heavy-traffic areas, kitchens, baths, entryways and outdoor spaces, Water-resistant, can be coated for better traction, won’t hold onto dirt or dust so it’s easy to clean.

Glass Tiles:

Best for creating showy, flashy, fun vertical surfaces, and glass mosaic, often associated with design trends of the early 2000s, still holds firm as the tile of choice for limited vertical surfaces that get lots of attention.

types of tiles - glass tile

Glass Tile

These tiles are made from sand and recycled glass, making them environmentally friendly. They are commonly used for beautification of walls in living rooms, kitchens, and bathrooms. Glass tiles crack under pressure, so it is not suitable for flooring. These tiles are used in all luxurious places like hotels, palaces, commercial complexes, and make the rooms brighter with their luminous qualities.

Most mosaic glass is attached to a web backing that allows you to install one square foot at a time. Glass tile has a luminous beauty that cannot be compared to other types of tile materials.

Cement Tiles:

These tiles are the oldest type that has been around since the 19th century. Cement tiles are extremely flexible and provide you with amazing patterns and colors. This tile is available in various designs and colors in various shapes.

types of tiles- cement tile

Cement Tile

Slip-resistant, making them perfect for bathroom and kitchen floors as well as patios and courtyards.  Great for use outdoors and indoors. More costly than other types of tile. Thicker (typically 5/8 inches or more) and not as versatile. These types of tiles produced with Eco-friendly natural components. Perfect for modern-style homes.

Mosaic Tiles:

These types of tiles are one of the most common selections for decorative tiles or for making a piece that is made of small tiles include repeatedly square. Mosaic tiles are placed together to generate a larger effect for a high visual impact. These tiles can be prepared from varying materials, with ceramic, glass, and stone being the most generally used.

types of tiles - mosaic tile

Mosaic Tile

Mosaic tiles are available in two sizes: 1″x1″ or 2″x2″. Sizes smaller than 1″ square are not possible, and everything larger than 2″ square cannot truly be called mosaic. Mosaic can be either square or hexagonal.

Mosaic tiles commonly used as bathroom walls, floors, and kitchen backsplash.  Resists moisture and stains. Ideal for countertops and walls, both indoors and out. The surface is more textured and slip-resistant than other tiles.

Mosaic tile certainly can be used for floors, but this application isn’t popular because it’s many grout lines that make clean-up harder and it tends to have a “busy” look.

Natural Stone Tiles:

Stone looks great on the floor, but the real stone is massively heavier than ceramic, which accounts for higher shipping costs and some installers accustomed to the simplicity of ceramic installation, hesitate to deal with natural stone.

Once laid, real stone requires maintenance. For example, travertine needs to be initially sealed and sealed again regularly. Not something you would expect from stone thousands of years old. This is a reason why many owners who need the appearance of stone but not the expense and bother, turn to ceramic/porcelain stone tile that smartly mimics stone’s appearance. The tile fits without problems and prices far less than stone.

Granite Tile:

If you’re looking to install tiles in an area with heavy foot traffic, granite tiles are the best option. They’re made from the dense and hard igneous rock, granite.

The speckled minerals and unique veining of this rock not only distinguish it from other materials, but the combination of the two also means that no two granite surfaces are the same. As a result, granite tiles have a wonderful reputation in the flooring industry. Coming in a vast range of colors and offering high aesthetic value, luxurious establishments have a high demand for them.

types of tiles - granite tile

Granite Tile

The natural and durable material used helps produce a scratch-resistant surface. Apart from being resistant to acids, granite tiles come in light and small forms, making them easy to work with.

Yet, granite tiles are highly porous and prone to stains like marble tiles. But once polished, they perform well when it comes to resisting scratches.

Use: High-traffic areas, kitchen or bathroom countertops, living rooms

Slate Tile:

Slate, acquired from natural mineral deposits, is among the most popular materials used in the flooring industry. It helps produce exceptionally durable tiles and induces natural beauty to give that gorgeous look to your floor. It comes in a range of colors, such as blue/grey, green, red, orange, or brown. There are often layers of colors passing throughout the tile, meaning no tile is exactly alike.

slate tile

Slate Tile

The material has the potential to keep the room warm, and its high slip resistance ensures a safe flooring option.

Although slate tiles are a cheaper flooring solution compared to marble and granite tiles, they’re still considered high-end, requiring you to pay more than you would for ceramic tiles.

Use: Entryway, fireplaces, floors, outside patios, roofs

Sandstone Tile:

sandstone tile

Sandstone Tile

These tiles are designed to give a rich, natural feel to your outdoor areas. Among the most common applications include pool surroundings, patios, and walkways. Available in various colors, styles, and sizes, sandstone tiles provide a fantastic earthy appeal to wherever they’re used.

Use: Floors, kitchens, dining rooms

Travertine Tile:

This tile is manufacture from travertine. Travertine is a type of limestone that is a by-product of hot springs, natural artesian springs, and caves around the globe. The material is available in varying colors and comprises of pits and a rough texture produced by air bubbles and organic matter. The stylish surface of travertine tiles enlightens your interior space and brings a natural look to it.

travertine tile

Travertine Tile

The longevity of the travertine material can be judged from the fact that the ancient Roman structures you see in Italy today were constructed using this material. Hence, travertine is ideal for building temples, sculptures, and theatres.

Contemporarily, it is considered perfect in the construction of walkways, bathrooms, pool decks, and other applications where water exposure is high. As an environmentally-friendly material, travertine is 100% biodegradable. It’s durable as well as easy-to-repair.

Even though it’s a cheaper option as compared to other high-end materials, travertine can still be expensive, and many people can’t afford to install tiles made from this material.

These tiles are used for both indoors and out, because naturally slip-resistant. This tile is the right choice for walkways, pool decks, bathrooms, and other applications where water is present.

Marble Tile:

If your priority is adding aesthetic value and elegance to your home, marble tiles are an ideal choice. This tile is manufacture from the highly durable natural marble stone. Because of the variability of the component materials extracted, marble tiles are available in almost every color. You also have several finishing options for marble tiles, such as polished, brushed, honed, tumbled, etc., making them ideal for any room application.

marble tile

Marble Tile

However, marble tiles are prone to stains and spillages because of their porous nature. Therefore, they are hardly used outdoors. But using an appropriate surface sealer before installation can lower its porosity. The sealer acts as an invisible protective layer on the tile surface, clogging the pores.

Also, marble tiles are an expensive option, so you need to take into account the costs associated with using them for flooring.

Use: Low-traffic areas, guest baths, countertops

Terrazzo Tile:

Terrazzo tiles are composed of multiple other material types that mainly include marble, granite, quartz, and glass. The preparation process involves curing, grounding, and polishing.

terrazo tile

Terrazo Tile

The resultant surface is long-lasting, smooth, shiny, and attractive, making it ideal for public buildings. However, it isn’t the best type of tile material for installation in homes because of its slippery nature.

Quarry Tiles:

Best for outdoor flooring and indoor floorings such as foyers and hallways. In the past, quarry tile came from quarries. But now they are manufactured from materials such as clay, shale, and feldspar. These materials are ground together and molded into tiles. These minerals result in a harder flooring tile with low porosity that can be used both indoors and outdoors.

quarry tile

Quarry Tile

Quarry tile has a rough surface, which means that it is perfect for flooring because it provides a good grip. But it also means that quarry tile is not good for kitchen countertops because it is very porous. However, even though quarry tile is sealed to make it less porous, it is still not appropriate for food preparation surfaces.

Darker colors are recommended for home flooring, due to the difficulty in cleaning quarry tile.

Metal Tiles:

From ceilings to the backsplash, metal tiles are becoming increasingly popular due to their durability, versatility, and stylish appeal. Here are some features of metal tiles:

metal tile

Metal Tile

A few metal tiles go a long way, so while they aren’t as cost-effective as other types of tile, you will typically useless. Available in a variety of finishes to match your style preference.  Available in peel-and-stick versions, which is popular for kitchen backsplashes. Metal tiles use with or without grout. These tiles used for flooring, ceilings, and countertops. This tile may be cold, making them uncomfortable for a flooring choice. Metal tiles easily dented or scratched.

Wooden Tiles:

Based on the most recent preferences and reviews, the wooden tiles fitting is becoming trendy and popular. What’s exclusive about wooden tiles is their capacity to enlarge and contract with the different levels of moisture in your home.

Hardwood Tiles:

Hardwood flooring tile is usually recognized for increasing the value of homes. As soon as homeowners bed in hardwood on their floors, the value of the property increases due to the non-depreciating value of wooden floors. Unlike other surfaces, hardwood floors do not require alternatives every few years, and they are easy to maintain and care for after installation.

hardwood tile

Hardwood Tile

While many other types of floors easily show any stains or dirt, hardwood tiles don’t. Even though it may show a bit of wear, hardwood floors are sure to last a lifetime.

Hardwood tiles are most desirable among first-time homeowners. Fitting hardwood floors in your new home adds your own taste and personality to your living space short of requiring any extra effort on your part. People highly select homes with hardwood flooring. Hence, even if you’re looking to sell your home, hardwood flooring is a great idea.

No one likes expenditure much on cleaning. Fitting hardwood floors limited the expenses like carpet cleaning, stain take out and steaming. You don’t need a sophisticated vacuum cleaner for cleaning hardwood floors; a wood soap and a mop are more than enough to maintain a shining wooden floor.

Hence, by using hardwood flooring, you can not only improve the charm and beauty of your home but also ensure a high property value for both sale and rental purposes.

Faux Wood Tile:

Combining the natural beauty of wood with the durability of tiles, the faux wood tiling style is the hottest trend in the flooring industry. More durable and water-resistant than hardwood, faux wood offers unlimited designs, is free of termite risks, and demands little maintenance. Faux wood tile is actually prepared from ceramic material.

fauxwood tile

Fauxwood Tile

Faux wood tiles are rapidly substituting hardwood for a number of reasons. Faux wood offers outstanding resistance to scratches. Hardwood flooring gets scratch easily from foot traffic and furniture movements. This makes them ideal for high foot traffic applications that can last for decades or even a lifetime. Faux wood tiles do not absorb water. Hence, they function incredibly in wet application areas. Faux wood required minor maintenance using basic tile cleaners.

Also, unlike hardwood, faux wood is not susceptible to termite attack. In addition, faux wood tiles offer a variety of designs featuring different colors and textures. If your flooring finish is not available in the market, then you can customize the wooden flooring finish. For instance, due to high demand, the right piece of unclaimed wood is extremely expensive and is not easily found in the market. Faux wood can present the texture of reclaimed wood cheaply and without much effort.

In the end, you will save a lot of money with faux wood tiles. Even though they offer so many benefits over hardwood floors, wood tiles are much cheaper than hardwood floors. In addition, lower maintenance costs for faux wood tiles further reduce the associated costs.

How to install the tile: Step by step procedure for installation of tiles

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Categories: Material


Civil Engineer


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